GPS Tracking Isn’t Always About GPS Tracking

GPS Tracking Can’t Be This Invasive

GPS Tracking Can’t Be This Invasive.

(last Update 30 April , 2017)

A lot of folks come here to the GPS ROI Tracking Blog searching for answers about legalities and concerns regarding GPS Tracking.

Tracking their cell phones, tracking their cars, tracking their pets or even tracking their spouses.

Some of their concerns are sort of “way out there in Left Field”.  Some of their comments and concerns are very real and very close to home, though.

Truth Is, You Don’t Know Who Might Be Tracking You

There’s a LOT of unauthorized tracking going on out there today … but it’s not always GPS tracking, for sure.

This news here is scary .. and I say “scary’ as a tracking professional who lives, eats and breathes the stuff … I’m a tracking fan not a tracking phobic … and this still scares the dickens out of me

If this doesn’t scare you, it ought to.

Cell Phone Tracking Can Be Much More Invasive Than GPS Tracking

Apple iPhones and 3G iPads running iOS 4 might be tracking their owners’ movements, a new report from O’Reilly Radar claims.

GPS Tracking Can’t Be This InvasiveAlasdair Allan, senior research fellow in astronomy at the University of Exeter, and writer Pete Warden say they have found evidence that the iPhone, 3G iPad, and backups on users’ computers contain detailed location information, including latitude, longitude, and time stamps, that show where the mobile devices have been. In addition, the information is “unencrypted and unprotected, and it’s on any machine you’ve synched with your iOS device,” they claim.

The information is reportedly stored in a file called “consolidated.db.” The writers claim that the information, which isn’t “always exact,” started being collected around the time of the launch of iOS 4 last year. They say that they have found “tens of thousands of data points in this file” that, they believe, were collected via cell-tower triangulation.

The fact that the iPhone or 3G iPad can be tracked isn’t all that surprising. Apple currently offers a free app, Find My iPhone, that lets users track their smartphone from another device. The service is also available to iPad and iPod Touch owners.

However, the claims made by Allan and Warden are a bit different. For one, in their findings, users don’t know that they’re being tracked. Moreover, exactly why that information is reportedly being tracked is unknown at this point. And as they rightly noted, “cell phone companies have always had this data, but it takes a court order to access it.”

Although the alleged findings will raise some red flags in the privacy and security community, it’s worth noting that the information the writers allegedly came across is not being leaked out over the Web.

People who are concerned that their iPhone or iPad is tracking their locations can find out with the help of an application Allan and Warden released, named iPhone Tracker. The open-source application maps all the points of location information saved in the user’s devices.

I ran the application on my computer to find out if my iPhone has been tracking me. It returned a detailed map showing the many places I’ve been with my smartphone.

Read more:

GPS Tracking — Am I Safe?

Well, I’ve mentioned before, time and again, that GPS Tracking, while it certainly does pose privacy concerns in some ways, is way, way less invasive and ubiquitous than simple cell phone multilateration service.

The reason GPS tracking is much “safer”, privacy-wise, is that GPS tracking requires, at the minimum, an application be turned on in your mobile device.

Unless, I guess, you buy the device from Apple.  Then, I am not so sure.

If this doesn’t make you unhappy with Apple, well it really ought to as well.

That’s my professional opinion, not just some “Apple Fan Boy” off on a rant.

I own no Apple devices, and boy am I glad I do not. One reason being that I have observed other, equally as invasive forays into unscrupulous data gathering by Apple in the past.  What they might be still doing, right now, today, I have no idea.

And if you are carrying and Apple device, I would submit, in my personal opinion, neither do you.

Something else that the CNet article doesn’t go into is that these devices are made, tested, packaged and sent directly to the Apple Store (or any other authorized outlets” from Apple’s Shenzhen (Communist) China manufacturing facility.

It Would Be Sooo Easy To Build In Clandestine Reporting

Who else might be tapped in without anyone in the USA knowing about it?

Obviously, not me.  Not you.  And possibly, not even Apple.  Scary.

Stick to GPS Tracking, It’s much less invasive.

New Jersey DOT is Smart — How About Your DOT?

New Jersey DOT is Smart.

Here are some excerpts from a recent article about the New Jersey DOT and their use of GPS tracking to fulfill their charter as a state agency paid to do a job for the taxpayer.

All to many such agencies have just become a huge money sink, providing vehicles to state employees but having no idea what the vehicles (and employees) are doing once they are out of sight.

If You Aren’t Tracking, Then WHY?

The most common excuse agencies give for NOT tracking vehicles is “Expense”.

But this is actually a totally bogus, “we don’t give a crap” excuse.

“Expense” is the primary excuse all government employees give for not doing their job … as if they had to pay for things out of their own pocket.

GPS Tracking Doesn’t Cost, It Pays

GPS tracking has been proven, time and time again to ALWAYS save more than it costs … as long as the agency who installed the GPS actually manages the vehicles with it and actually does something with the information.

The real reason so many managers are reluctant to implement GPS tracking system is, they are scared.

  • Scared they might find out things about vehicle use … as in how many vehicles or employees are really not needed.
  • Scared they might find employee abuse and actually have to take action to correct it, instead of letting the tax payer suffer in silence.
  • Scared they might actually not have an excuse to demand ever more money and do less of a job with it … the proverbial “Self Licking Ice Cream Cone.”

Send Us More Money And We’ll Keep On NOT Doing Our Job.

Fortunately, for those of you who live or pay taxes in New Jersey, the New. Jersey DOT is bucking the bad government trend.  Hat’s Off to them.  See:

New Jersey DOT using GPS to track use and abuse of state vehicles

 BY  KAREN ROUSE STAFF WRITER, The Record (I used to work for the Record, what a GREAT newspaper!)

Some scream up and down the highway at more than 100 mph. Others have done private jobs while on the government dime.

Then there are those who steal time by parking their state Department of Transportation trucks in mall lots, on side streets, even near bowling alleys, and take leisurely breaks when they’re supposed to be filling potholes, fixing signs or picking up dead deer on the highway.

“Like pigeons that go and hide, we have employees that like to go cooping,” said state Transportation Commissioner Jim Simpson. They say, ‘Let’s go get a truck and hide out in the park.’ ” …

Uncommon?  Hardly.

This is so, so common it’s often hard for management to believe what is going on out there until they actually do track their employees and vehicles.  You can read more about how common “cooping”  here: GPS Tracking Watches the Watchers

… Jersey City Mayor Steven M. Fulop announced in August that the city had installed GPS in public works vehicles to “increase accountability and cut down on fuel expenses.”

The city initially installed tracking devices on 20 public works vehicles, and plans to expand it within that department and, eventually, to the Police Department.

New Jersey DOT is Smart
Are These YOUR Workers?

There has been “a culture of entitlement and abuse by employees (my emphasis) of city vehicles and we are taking every measure to ensure an end to that abuse,” Fulop said in a news release. The abuses, he said, have included taking cars outside of the city and using them for personal trips.

In an age when employees know the boss could be checking their Facebook pages or searching what websites they visit on company computers, many workers are not alarmed — as long as it’s done right, said Sandro Polledri, a civil trial lawyer in Newark who represents workers in discrimination cases. It’s acceptable to use GPS to investigate a worker’s productivity if not done surreptitiously, or during non-work hours, he said.

Just last month, the state DOT employees were issued a “Use of State Vehicles” notice that warns that “all department vehicles are equipped with a GPS system to monitor the location of the vehicle,” and that “the GPS system also records the speed of the vehicle and registers alerts when the vehicle is driven at high speeds.”

Violating the rules of the road or tampering with the GPS system could result in disciplinary action, including being fired, the notice says.

A separate department policy gives Simpson and the DOT inspector general 24/7 access to all transportation-related properties, including 69 yards, four rest areas, two regional headquarters and maintenance complex, as well as access to all vehicles within a yard, and structures in the yards….

If Yu Are Running An Agency (or a business) You Already Have the “Right”, and, IMO, The Duty

So many people seem afraid to implement GPS because of supposed “legal issues”.  This is almost as common as the “no funds” excuse.  But as attorney Polledri points out, it’s not really rocket science.

However for many officials it does involve an unfamiliar process … that is Growing Some Balls.

What the heck do you get paid for, anyway?

Are you afraid that if you exercise your authority the employees will quit their cushy jobs?  Call their bluff.

The answer, which seems so simple, yet so hard for so many government leaders to utter is summed up right here:

“We’re the Department of Transportation. We have to set an example for everyone.”

I recommend you read the whole article … if, that is, you actually give a shit about how your tax dollar is being spent.

– See more at: New Jersey DOT using GPS to track use and abuse of state vehicles

So what do you think, the New Jersey DOT is Smart, or not?

My Drivers Are Honest — I Don’t Need GPS Tracking

Are you sure about that?  I’ve been selling, servicing modifying, implementing and consulting on GPS tracking and it’s role in protecting business owners from loss and unnecessary risk for nearly 20 years now.  I go back in the GPS to the days there was only one satellite (yes and it was useful, as well)

It is common, so common for business owners to deny they have any problems.  It’s human nature, but it’s still really comical … because if all these guys had such a good handle on their business, they’d be rich.

Covert tracker shows its worth in seafood theft

Staff reporter


Truck tracked by GPSThe value of covert tracking technology to combat cargo theft has been proved once again in a case involving a stolen frozen seafood shipment in the US.

On September 29, an embedded GPS system identified when the shipment – en route from Massachusetts to California – was handed over to thieves by a complicit driver, according to a report from transport security specialist Freightwatch.

The GPS system identified when the shipment was diverted from its route towards Florida by the thieves, who were friends of the driver, and allowed the cargo to be recovered intact by police within hours of the theft. The driver reported the theft when he reached a depot in Jackson, Mississippi.

I’ll Be Back — Yet Again

When you heard that LightSquared filed for bakruptcy last year .. and you quit seeing warnings from me about their attempted plan to disrupt the entire GPS industry with a shaky (at best) plan to run 40,000 high power cell towers right on a wafer thin border of the GPS spectrum, did you think they were dead and gone?

Hah.  So much for your foresight … didn’t you ever watch any of the Terminator movies?  

Do these things EVER stop, even when smelted down into their molten origins?

Folks, meet the “TRerminator” of the GPS Spectrum Band … LightSquared:

Lobbying and new spectrum: One last shot for LightSquared

The embattled company’s plan B to revive dreams of shaking up wireless industry.

LightSquared, the beleaguered satellite company that plans to revolutionize the wireless industry as a new competitor, could spring back from the dead with an alternative plan it has been quietly shepherding through the regulatory process over the past year. Most industry observers considered LightSquared’s fate sealed when it filed for bankruptcy back in 2012 after failing to receive government approval to launch its cellular network in the face of interference concerns with GPS. But the company has been diligently pursuing an alternative path to bring its business plan to market.  ..

More will follow, you can be sure of that.

Who Works For Whom? If You Are a Leader, ACT!

Here’s a classic case of knowing about a problem and then sweeping it under the rug becuase someone is afraid of finding out just how bad their management practices really are.

Lisbon board drops plans to monitor employees with GPS tracking devices

September 3, 2013SBON – The village Board of Public Affairs has changed its mind about using a GPS tracking device to monitor the whereabouts of BPA vehicles.

BPA member Bill Hoover said they decided at last week’s meeting to reverse course based on the advice of village Solicitor Virginia Barborak and the fact there may no longer be any need to use the devices.

“There wasn’t a lot of enthusiasm for it, plus our gas consumption has dropped,” he said.

The decision comes one month after the BPA reported it was exploring purchasing a GPS device to rotate among water and sewer department vehicles to improve efficiency by keeping track of employee driving patterns.

They said the devices would also allow them to determine the location of vehicles at any time by simply logging into the computer program. The device would also tell officials the speed being driven and other information, such as if the employee was using a cell phone while driving.

The GPS suggestion was made after the BPA began requiring employees to maintain a mileage-and-gasoline log when driving village vehicles after experiencing an unexplained 29 percent jump in fuel purchases last year.

The monitoring requirement has resulted in a 50 percent reduction in gas bills, and Hoover said that is one of the reasons why they decided against purchasing a GPS device. “The problem has pretty much solved itself,” he said.

Barborak had voiced reservations about potential legal and insurance issues involving the use of GPS, although the city of Youngstown and Trumbull County are among many government agencies that outfit vehicles with tracking devices.

Hoover said the tracking device is always an option. “It’s still available and we can buy it later if we want,” he said.

The devices cost $350 per unit, plus a $15 monthly fee for the online monitoring service.

– See more at:

Are you a municipal leader?  You should take heed.  You aren’t a leader just to show off and be a big deal and to be known as “The Honorable”.

If you live in a village, town or city you too are part of this, even if you never run for election.

These people work for YOU, not you for them.

Make them do their job instead of living off the fat of YOUR land!

Will The Government EVER Stop Spying On Us?

A lot of readers drop by here looking for information on the legal issues regarding GPS tracking.  This is a “must read” article from the New York Times regarding the governments many secrets regrading GPS tracking … and the ven mor eincidious idea of continual cell phone tracking (no GPS is required to effectively track your every move if you have a cell phone turne don … did you even realize that?

GPS Tracking and Secret Policies

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This week brought fresh revelations about the National Security Agency’s sloppy and invasive collection of phone data on Americans and others, as reported first by The Washington Post. In another realm of surveillance — the government’s broad use of location tracking devices — the Justice Department was in federal court on Thursday defending its refusal to release memos containing information about its policies governing the use of GPS and other potentially invasive technologies.

The American Civil Liberties Union had brought the lawsuit to demand that the department make the memos public. The documents were prepared after a 2012 Supreme Court ruling, United States v. Jones, which held that placement of a hidden tracking device on a suspect’s car constitutes a “search” under the Fourth Amendment.

That case left lots of questions unanswered, including whether GPS tracking always requires a warrant based on probable cause, and how the Fourth Amendment applies to tracking someone 24/7 with cellphone location technology. After the decision was released, the F.B.I.’s general counsel, Andrew Weissmann, mentioned in a public talk that the government was issuing memos containing official guidance for federal agents and prosecutors on when they can use tracking technology and how the Jones decision applies to other types of techniques, beyond GPS. ..

It’s sort of up to you folks.  Especially the GPS “haters” out there among you. You can rant and rave and rail against GPS to your heart’s content, but even if the entire GPS system was turned off tomorrow, “Big Brother”, under the guise of “National Security” would still be watching your every move.  Sad …

As I’ve Said, You Have Much More To Worry About Than GPS Tracking Privacy

I can’t count how many times I have written about this issue in the past, here and on other online forums.

Because this site is mainly about GPS tracking I get a lot of visitors who are highly polarized … for or against the government being able to track citizen’s positions and past movements via cell-phone based GPS or discrete GPS systems that might be in use by the subject of an investigation.

But folks, if you are deeply concerned about privacy and personal freedoms, you better shift the focus of your campaign away from the GPS system and start looking at the original big picture.

We could shut off the GPS in the interest of privacy today and government agencies would still be able to snoop and record tremendous amounts of data on anyone who even turns on their cell phone.

You don’t have to actually use the cell phone, and your cell phone does not need to be equipped with GPS.  “Big Brother” still knows and now he has even more authority to snoop and keep snooping … GPS or no GPS.

Court OKs Warrantless Cell-Site Tracking

A federal appeals court said Tuesday the government may obtain cell-site information that mobile phone carriers retain on their customers without a probable-cause warrant under the Fourth Amendment.

The decision by the 3rd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals (.pdf) was not, however, an outright Obama administration victory. Lower courts, the three-judge panel wrote, could demand the government show probable cause — the warrant standard — before requiring carriers to release such data to the feds.

The opinion does leaves the privacy issue in a legal limbo of sorts. The standard by which the government can access such records — which can be used in criminal prosecutions — is left to the whims of district court judges. Historical cell-site location information, which carriers usually retain for about 18 months, identifies the cell tower to which the customer was connected at the beginning of a call and at the end of the call.

Lower courts across the country have issued conflicting rulings on the topic and will continue to do so without appellate guidance or congressional action. The Philadelphia-based court was the first appeals court to address the issue.

The Obama administration argued a judge could force a carrier to produce cell-site data on a showing that the information was “relevant and material” to an investigation.

Read More

The FCC is Giving Away Your GPS Tracking — Act Now!

GPS Tracking Is At Risk!

Your GPS Tracking way of life is at risk.  I’ve written several times lately on the issue of a company called LightSquared who is convinced that they should build a 40,000 tower cellular network across the US that could (correction will,  based on actual testing) interfere with our free global utility known as GPS.

I’m really a bid saddened by the fact I have seen no responses here and no meaningful articles on this subject on any of the other blogs in this niche.

I know for a fact that a few company executives, corporate founders, etc. read my work … but apparently they are a bit too busy with “status quo” issues than they are with thinking about the future of our industry. 

The GPS Tracking Risk Is REAL

Folks, this could be a life-changing issue, in more ways than one … and it’s way to complicated for the talking heads at Fox and other network commentators to even take note of.

This article from gives a good current rundown.  If you earn your living using GPS tracking, or you depend upon GPS tracking for your business, you better think strongly about Save Our GPS — Get Writing, Friends’ target=_blank>writing your representatives and also joining the Coalition to Save Our GPS.

What’s particular scary to me in the AvWeb article is the fact that a shadowy venture capital firm has already (supposedly, anyway) invested 2.9 billion dollars in LightSquared. 

When serious money like that gets behind a project it becomes nearly impossible for $70K or $125K a year government executives and regulators to squawk loud enough to be heard.

Once this monstrosity starts building out cell towers it will be too late to stop it … interference and common sense be dammed … LightSquared will become another of those ludicrous “To Big To Fail” blots on our landscape, but in this case they will destroy the utility of GPS as we know it.

Tests Show LightSquared Interferes With GPS’ target=_blank>Tests Show LightSquared Interferes With GPS

GPS Tracking at RiskTesting has shown that a proposed national wireless broadband network system could negatively impact some GPS systems, or worse, and at least one company has already stepped forward to say they can fix the problem. LightSquared, which hopes to install 40,000 antennas across the country, may now face problems winning FCC approval that could also translate into additional costs for its primary financial backer. Meanwhile, a committee that advises air-traffic management policy believes GPS and LightSquared can be made to co-exist. And at least one company thinks it could offer an effective solution.

LightSquared’s largest financial backer, Harbinger Capital Partners, has already invested $2.9 billion of assets into the project, according to LightSquared. According to a Wall Street Journal article published Wednesday, regulators are probing certain trades Harbinger (a hedge fund) made years ago. It is not yet clear if that will have any affect on the company’s relationship with LightSpeed. Those who would like to see LightSquared prosper may include Symmetricom, a company that says packet-based primary reference source synchronization solutions could eliminate any interference between the LightSquared system and aviation GPS. Whatever the case, moving forward may require further modifications and testing to determine a method for safe and practical deployment of the LightSquared system.

What Can You Do Today To Save GPS Tracking?

In particular I urge you to read the unimpeachable, disinterested third-party report from emergency responders present at the initial LightSquared tests.  These folks are your customers if you are in this business.  Those folks are also the very guys you expect to come, quickly and accurately, to your aid if you dial 911.

This isn’t a simple issue guys and gals.  And it isn’t just this old guy ranting in the wilderness.

GPS tracking life is going to change in ways you haven’t even thought of, and the changes won’t be in a positive direction at all.

Do something today, or you’ll have to live with my ITYS (I Told You So) next year, as you wonder why your existing good products don’t perform for customers any more.

GPS Tracking needs you help.

Of Course We Don’t Need GPS Tracking, Our Employees Are Loyal

But then, again, are you sure? 

Remember what Ronald Reagan was famous for saying, “Trust, but Verify”

Read this for a clue as to what might be going on that you don’t quite have a handle on in your company/department:

1372668_6a583031An Augusta Recreation Department supervisor has been placed on leave without pay for allegedly using a city dump truck to steal a load of dirt.

Deputy City Administrator Bill Shanahan confirmed that property and maintenance supervisor Jerome K. Johnson was placed on three days’ leave without pay on Friday while Shanahan investigates the allegations.

“Misuse of government vehicles and taking government assets that aren’t yours; it’s definitely something we take seriously,” Shanahan said.

The city is examining GPS tracking records to determine where the dump truck went, he said.

According to city records, Johnson has been with the city since 1999. He was working at the Augusta Municipal Golf Course before joining the cemetery crew as a supervisor last year.

Now here’s a very typical story.

And a case of why you need to verify what your employees are doing.  Or pay the price.

Either this employee is blatantly robbing the city, or he’s been falsely accused and he need to have his name cleared.

So much easier to do either one, _IF_ the city uses GPS tracking.

Update, just at publication time I found an update … the case against Mr. Johnson has been substantiated and he has been fired. 

Good work, City of Augusta.

When is a GPS Glitch Really a GPS Glitch?

Came across this interesting AP article yesterday.  It’s well worth reading, and pretty accurate so far as it goes.  But it’s written in a way so many GPS articles are these days, attempting to cast doubt or blame on the government.  It’s really the story of a commercial company who hopped on the free GPS bandwagon, marketed a lot of high priced GPS equipment, and didn’t quite follow to free specifications telling people who want to sue the GPS how to do so.

Glitch shows how much US military relies on GPS

By DAN ELLIOTT (AP) – 22 hours ago

DENVER — A problem that rendered as many as 10,000 U.S. military GPS receivers useless for days is a warning to safeguard a system that enemies would love to disrupt, a defense expert says.

The Air Force has not said how many weapons, planes or other systems were affected or whether any were in use in Iraq or Afghanistan. But the problem, blamed on incompatible software, highlights the military’s reliance on the Global Positioning System and the need to protect technology that has become essential for protecting troops, tracking vehicles and targeting weapons.

"Everything that moves uses it," said John Pike, director of, which tracks military and homeland security news. "It is so central to the American style of war that you just couldn’t leave home without it."

(Actually I’m a great admirer of Professor Pike, but he’s just flat out wrong in those statements.  A great many military weapons systems … example our silo-based ICBM’s, make no use of GPS whatever, and a great many commercial aircraft fly without GPS also.  While I certainly agree it’s an important technology, it is hardly as ubiquitous in the commercial world as it has become in the private realm.)

The problem occurred when new software was installed in ground control systems for GPS satellites on Jan. 11, the Air Force said.

Officials said between 8,000 at 10,000 receivers could have been affected, out of more than 800,000 in use across the military.

(Quite frankly, when rolling out a major change in software to a network populated by hundreds of thousands of “uncontrolled” users, a 1% failure rate, which is what we have here, is a HUGE success.  When someone like Google, for example, changes something in their interface, do you think only about 1 % of the “uncontrolled” users out there across the web have problems?  It numbers more in the millions I would think.)

The Air Force said it hadn’t tested the affected receivers before installing the new software in the ground control system.

(It was not the job of the US Air Force to test the receivers.  They didn’t own them, weren’t under Air Force control in many cases and it is ALL GPS receiver’s task to follow the signal from the satellites, provided the signal is in the parameters of the ICD (Interface Control Document) which is the “contract” between the GPS Program Office and all users, world-wide.  If the author, Mr. Elliott, has his own GPS receiver, would he welcome the Air Force showing up at his door demanding he surrender his receiver so the new software change could be tested against it?  Seriously, this is an inane paragraph and accusation … the USAF nor any other world entity can test every GPS receiver in the world, even the military (foreign and domestic) owned ones.  This is the point an otherwise sensible article changes into nonsense, when a reporter assigns responsibilities to folks who don’t have that responsibility.

Seriously folks … I know the US military id the always available back-up whipping boy to blame any and all issues on …  but get real here, don’t broadcast to the world that my alma mater failed in their job when it wasn’t even their job to do so … that’s a cheap shot … or an ignorant one)

…. The Air Force said it traced the problem to the Trimble receivers’ software. Trimble said it had no problems when it tested the receivers, using Air Force specifications, before the ground-control system software was updated.

(So, now, many paragraphs down we come to the crux of the matter … a “he said”/”she said” between the USAF and Trimble, a huge, highly competent GPS industry giant who also had way less than 1% of its own products affected by this software change.  Hardly the facts that “world-wide” glitches are made from, in my view.)

Ever buy a computer that didn’t do some task properly?  Ever have  a car that wouldn’t start or an airline flight that lest 3 hours late because of maintenance issues?  Let’s put this into perspective, gentlemen, shall we.  Mr.Hasik makes much more sense in his quotes below … did anyone read them before all the ‘scare tactic” headlines and stories were already written? )

Civilian receivers use different signals and had no problems.

Defense industry consultant James Hasik said it’s not shocking some receivers weren’t tested. GPS started as a military system in the 1970s but has exploded into a huge commercial market, and that’s where most innovation takes place.

"It’s hard to track everything," said Hasik, co-author of "The Precision Revolution: GPS and the Future of Aerial Warfare." …

image The rest of the article is a lot of random chat about hacking into the GPS, jamming the GPS, etc., which has nothing to do with the alleged subject, a problem the USAF caused which caused a failure in it’s own system.    In spite of Mr. Elliott’s premise that the US military relies very heavily on the GPS, he actually cotes only a couple of somewhat obscure research and development programs.  The rest of the millions upon millions of users around the globe seem to have gone on without a single hiccup.

I fail to see the relevance of the tiny “glitch”, except to point out that the GPS, like thousands of other utilities of both peace and war, have vulnerabilities, folks who seek to exploit those vulnerabilities and those who work to protect them.   But it’s hard to ascribe blame in general discussions, much more headline worthy to make accusatory statement about the “testing the USAF failed to do”.

There are a lot of very interesting and useful articles published on the GPS.  Sadly, this was not one of them.